1. Garden Design- Some pre-planning in your garden design can help maximize the efficiency of your garden. Plant taller items to offer shade to for plants and flowers that need it. Plant high tolerance plants that require less water. You can also follow strategies to maximize your garden space.
2. Water Conservation- Using mulch and adding lots of compost helps reduce the amount of water you need by slowing evaporation and retaining water. Use rain collection barrels and solar powered irrigation so that you can skip the hose. Less frequent and deep waterings, down to six inches or so, are better than frequent light drinks. The deeper the roots the longer between waterings for your plants. Plant things that need more water like vegetables together so that you can maximize on your watering. Hand watering is another water saving strategy.
3. Composting- Compost food, lawn and garden waste into a nutrient-rich, organic fertilizer for your garden. This will make your soil richer and your produce healthier and more delicious.
4.Collect and Save Seeds- When flowers and vegetables have matured collect their seeds and store them in a cool, dry place.